In almost all countries, art, architecture, and other works are protected by copyright for a specified period. That means any photograph taken of such a work during the copyright period is a derivative work , provided under US law that the photograph displays the quantum of originality required for copyright protection of a derivative work. A derivative work usually requires a license from the creator of the work. However, in some countries there is an exception in copyright law which eliminates the need for a license.
We call this exception freedom of panorama FOP , a phrase derived from the German term Panoramafreiheit. The works to which the FOP exception applies vary widely from country to country. The exception generally applies only to works on permanent public display.
B-454, Balance of Power › Page 16
In some countries, this is only in outdoor public places; in others it extends to indoor places where admission is charged. It may cover only architecture, only architecture and sculpture, or all copyrightable works including literary works. Note that in every country, even one without an FOP exception, once a work goes out of copyright it may be freely photographed. Also, the exception does not eliminate the need for a license from the photographer.
Summary Bibliography: Franz Kafka
The owners of buildings should not be assumed to hold the copyright of their buildings. For this reason, in countries without freedom of panorama, Wikimedia Commons requires proof of copyright release from the copyright holder when hosting any images of those buildings. If the owner of a building uploads an image to Commons, presume that they do not own the copyright.
Ask them to provide either proof of copyright transfer from the architect to them, or otherwise, ask them to direct the architect to apply a Commons-compatible license to the image. The question of what country's law applies in a freedom of panorama case is an unsettled issue. You submitted the following rating and review.
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Ratings and Book Reviews 18 95 star ratings 18 reviews. Overall rating 4. Yes No Thanks for your feedback! Report as inappropriate.
Manutan | Your challenge
Book was good, story line was good again, but for some reason I couldnt get into this one took me ages to read it, no reason I could pin point just didnt catch me. Though, slightly predictable than the other two books, this last book about Brynne and her Ethan ties everything together nicely. I liked how it could have easily turned into a story about their crisis, but instead was a story about their relationship and how "what doesn't break you, makes your stronger". Thank you for wrapping it so nicely for us all! The first three books of this series such be one book with half the amout of pages.
For a better explanation read my review of the first book 'Naked'. Enjoyed this book. I would recommend this if u have reed the first two books. Enjoy … Show more Show less. Check product availability. Select attributes to see availability.
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